The H-Ras proto-oncogene is a member of the Ras gene family. These proteins can bind GTP and GDP, and they have intrinsic GTPase activity. This protein undergoes a continuous cycle of de- and re-palmitoylation, which regulates its rapid exchange between the plasma membrane and the Golgi apparatus. Mutations in this gene cause Costello syndrome, a disease characterized by increased growth at the prenatal stage, growth deficiency at the postnatal stage, predisposition to tumor formation, cognitive disability, skin and musculoskeletal abnormalities, distinctive facial appearance and cardiovascular abnormalities. Defects in this gene are implicated in a variety of cancers, including bladder cancer, follicular thyroid cancer, and oral squamous cell carcinoma. Multiple transcript variants, which encode different isoforms, have been identified for this gene.
Ba/F3 cell, a murine interleukin-3 dependent pro-B cell line, is a popular system for exploring both kinases and their inhibitors, because some protein kinases can render the Ba/F3 cells to be depended on the activation of the kinases instead of IL-3 supplement, while their inhibitors can antagonize the kinase-dependent growth effects.
Mostly single, round (some polymorph) cells in suspension
Split saturated culture 1:10 every 3 days; seed out at about 1-3 × 105 cells/mL
37 °C with 5% CO2
Liquid nitrogen immediately upon receiving
Approximately 20 hours
Cell Line Generation
Ba/F3 HRAS-G12D cell Line was generated using retrovirus vector expressing human HRAS-G12D sequence.
Characterization using PCR sequencing and WB
1. Prewarm culture medium (RPMI1640 + 10%FBS) in a 37°C water bath.
2. Thaw the frozen vial in a 37°C water bath for 1-2 minutes.
3. Transfer the vial into biosafety cabinet, and wipe the surface with 70% ethanol.
4. Unscrew the top of the vial and transfer the cell suspension gently into a sterile centrifuge tube containing 9.0mL complete culture medium.
5. Spin at ~ 125 × g for 5-7 minutes at room temperature, and discard the supernatant without disturbing the pellet.
6. Resuspend cell pellet with the appropriate volume of complete medium and transfer the cell suspension into a T25 culture flask.
7. Incubate the flask at 37°C, 5% CO2 incubator.
8. Split saturated culture 1:10 every 3 days; seed out at about 1-3 × 105 cells/mL.
1. Prepare the freezing medium (70% RPMI-1640 + 20% FBS + 10% DMSO) fresh immediately before use.
2. Keep the freezing medium on ice and label cryovials.
3. Transfer cells to a sterile, conical centrifuge tube, and count the cells.
4. Centrifuge the cells at 250×g for 5 minutes at room temperature and carefully aspirate off the medium.
5. Resuspend the cells at a density of at least 3×106 cells/mL in chilled freezing medium.
6. Aliquot 1 mL of the cell suspension into each cryovial.
7. Freeze cells in the CoolCell freezing container overnight in a -80°C freezer.
8. Transfer vials to liquid nitrogen for long-term storage
1. HRAS mutations in epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma. Head and Neck Pathology. 8 (2): 146–50.
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